Media Speech Codes #2: Europe, Asia, Africa

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Dozens of countries have followed the New York Times’ suit and enacted regulations that shun and prohibit true speech in news media: Spain, Russia, Serbia, Finland, Hungary, Switzerland, Belarus, Pakistan, …  62 years of systematic mandatory1 omission of true information spread world wide in media codes, police reports2, silence about interracial school bullying  and rape3, sciences 4, and more.  In Part 1:  Media Speech Codes #1: USA, Canada, Germany. we outlined some of the beginnings.

August 11, 1946: The [New York] Times introduced an editorial change announcing they will no longer refer to the race of persons suspected of a crime unless race is relevant to the story. 5

Spain:

7.

A journalist shall exercise
extreme professional caution in respecting the rights of the weak
and discriminated
. Therefore, discriminating information or
opinions or such information or opinions which incite to violence or to inhuman
or humiliating practices, must be handled
with special sensitivity
.

a) One must, therefore,
avoid
alluding in a pejorative manner
or with prejudice to the race, colour,
religion, social class or sex of a person
, or to whatever sickness,
physical or mental handicap he/she might have.

b) One must also avoid
publishing such data
, unless it is directly related to the issue being
published.

c) Finally, one must generally avoid unkind or hurtful expressions or
statements on the personal condition of individuals or on their physical or
moral integrity.

Russia: Code of Professional Ethics of Russian
Journalist

5.

A journalist understands fully the danger of limitations, persecutions and
violence, which his activities may provoke.

In fulfilling his professional duties he counteracts extremism and
restriction of civil rights on any basis including sex, race, language,
religion, political or other views as well as social or ethnic origin.


There are several elements to the repression of true speech.  We mark with different colors

  1.  recommendation not to refer to suspect’s religious, ethnic, … membership
  2. mandatory prohibition, more than a recommendation: “not permissible”, “must avoid”, “shall not publish”, “we will not
  3. unequal treatment depending on skin color and ethnicity: anti-white racism true speech restrictions selectively to favor “minority” criminals
  4. not to stir up “prejudice” nor to stereotype as justification.
    Prejudice is correct, mostly: Research on Stereotype accuracy shows that prejudice is frequently correct, and that humans evolved to be good intuitive statisticians.  Such sacrilege would in itself violate the media code a and stir up prejudice.

Codex
of Montenegrin Journalists

… or hatred towards persons on the grounds of their race,
ethnic origins, nationality, gender, physical disabilities,
religion or … it is not
permissible to refer to the suspect’s religious, ethnic or
other minority
membership
unless this information can be justified as …

Serbia: Journalists’ Code

A journalist must not
use any data relating to
ethnic affiliation, race and religion, if such information could be used for
discrimination on that ground.
Such information on any person may be used
only exceptionally, if it is an essential element of the content of the text or
their work, and do not violate any rights of the person in question or cause any
inconveniences.

Finland:
Guidelines for Journalists

26. The human dignity of every individual must be respected. The
ethnic origin, nationality, sex, sexual orientation, convictions or other
similar personal characteristics
may
not be presented
in an
inappropriate or disparaging manner
.

Ethical Code of the National Association of Hungarian
Journalists

2.1.1. Journalists are obliged to respect human rights. They must
not incite hatred or propagate racial discrimination
against peoples,
nations or ethnicities. They must not spread libel about anyone, or attempt to
defame anyone because of his/her religion, beliefs, gender, physical or mental
state, age or difference in way of living.

2.1.2. It is an ethical duty of journalists to preserve the beauty and
clarity of the Hungarian language, as well as the mother tongues of ethnic
minorities living in Hungary. Journalists must not use improper or gross words
or expressions in an unsubstantiated way. It is their duty to act against
linguistic or stylistic sloppiness.

Ethical
Code of the Bulgarian Media

2.5.1 We respect everyone’s right to live in safety and security, and we
shall avoid publishing material that incites or encourages hatred, violence or
any form of discrimination

2.5.2 We shall not
refer to a person’s race,
colour, religion, ethnic background,
sexual orientation, mental or
physical condition, unless it is of importance to the meaning of the story.

Switzerland: Declaration of the Duties and Rights of a
Journalist

8) In respecting human dignity, the
journalist must
avoid
any allusion by text, image or sound to a person’s ethnic or national
origin,
religion, gender, sexual orientation as well as to any illness or
physical or mental handicap that could be discriminatory in
character
. The reporting of war, acts of terrorism, accidents and
catastrophes by means of text, image and sound should respect the victims’
suffering and the feelings of their loved ones.


Belarus: Journalists Ethics
Code

When publishing materials on criminal subjects, witnesses or victims
belonging to a religious, ethnic
or other minority
can be
mentioned only if
there are grounds to believe that this could contribute
to a better understanding of the described events. This kind of information
could result in bias in relation to these minorities.

Ireland: Code of Practice for Newspapers and
Periodicals

Principle 8 – Incitement to Hatred

Newspapers and periodicals shall not publish material
intended or likely to cause
grave offence or stir up hatred against an individual or group on the basis of
their race
, religion, nationality, colour, ethnic origin, membership of
the travelling community, gender, sexual orientation, marital status,
disability, illness, or age.


Bosnia and Herzegovina: Recommendations for court media
reporters

With objective to report more professionally on investigations and court
processes, by these Recommendations, reporters
are reminded
[…]

12. ..not arouse national,
religious, ethnic and racial intolerance and hatred in their reports
, nor
any sort of discrimination based on gender, sex, gender and sex identity and
sexual orientation, physical or mental illness or incapability

Code of Ethics of Lithuanian Journalists and Publishers

Article 54.

The journalist and public information organizer shall not humiliate or mock
an individual’s family name, race, nationality, ethnicity, religious
convictions, age, sex, sexual orientation, disability or physical deficiencies
even if such individual has committed a crime. In addition, the journalist and
public opinion organizer shall neither stress nor associate the nationality,
ethnic origin or social group and sexual orientation of the suspect, accused or
offender with a crime committed by him/her.

Asia and Africa

Pakistan “Every citizen shall have the right to
freedom of speech and expression, and there shall be freedom of the press,” says
Article 19 of the Pakistani constitution, but then comes this: “subject to any
reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of the glory of Islam or
the integrity, security or defense of Pakistan or any part thereof, friendly
relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation
to contempt of court, commission of or incitement to an offense.” [Media
Codes of Ethics – Center for International Media Assistance
]


India: “There are certain values we have, and certain
lines we don’t cross,” she said. “For instance, you must show restraint. A
classic Indian example is if there is a communal riot between Hindus and
Muslims, don’t mention the place of worship so that people don’t know what kind
of communal riot it is. Don’t say that ten people attacked a mosque. Instead,
say ten people attacked a place of worship. The same sort of idea exists in
Pakistan but in a different way. You can mention the place of worship but not
the specific sect, such as Sufi.”60 [Media
Codes of Ethics – Center for International Media Assistance
]

But even if they are not on everyone’s radar screen, press codes are
worthwhile, in the view of some. “Codes of ethics are important because they
provide a values framework in which journalists work,” said Aidan White, former
general secretary of the International Federation of Journalists.9 “I could
easily wallpaper my office with different codes that exist around the world,”
some 400 altogether.10 “They boil down to three or four key issues,” White said:
“Respect the truth as far as possible, to always be accurate; to be independent,
not a spokesperson for a minister of government or government or corporate
interests; and also to respect your audience, to do no harm, to be aware of the
consequences of what your write and say. Allied to that is journalists should
hold themselves accountable for the work they do. These key issues are to be
found in every code of conduct.” [Media
Codes of Ethics – Center for International Media Assistance
]

In many African codes, there is an expressed commitment not
to stoke racial or tribal flames, to essentially self-censor reports in order to
keep the peace. Uganda’s constitution promises “freedom of speech and expression
which shall include freedom of the press and other media.”44 But its
professional code of ethics asserts that “A journalist shall not originate or
encourage the dissemination of information designed to promote or which may have
the effect to promote tribalism, racism, or any other form of
discrimination
.”45 Such an advisory is perhaps understandable in a region
where ethnic conflicts have resulted in bloodbaths, even genocide. Nonetheless,
journalists are being asked to gauge the effect of their stories on various
groups before they are even published. [Media
Codes of Ethics – Center for International Media Assistance
]

USA: New York Times

Note: mandatory omission of true information dates back to at least 1946.

October 25, 1896: The [New York] Times slogan: “All the News
That’s Fit to
Print
makes its first appearance on the editorial
page.

50 years later, they made a mockery out of this. Except for racial
information, all the news that fits to print

August 11, 1946: The
Times introduce an editorial
change announcing they will no longer refer to the race of persons suspected of
a crime
unless race is relevant to the story. [The
New York Times: A Chronology
: 1851-2006
, Researched and Compiled by
Bill Lucey, June 25, 2006] [cited in Hate
Crimes
, Real Crimes, And Relevance
]

This German  guideline 12.1 is the foundation of all speech repression and and the basis for
suspension of Western civilized behavior

6. Similar ethics codes
exist in most European countries, the US etc. 7. These gag rules are obeyed not only by journalists, but by
everyone, be it police speakers, teachers, government, researchers, …..

Why is such blatantly discriminatory, racist guideline accepted without
protest? Why don’t they even notice the obvious contradiction that guideline
12.1 contradicts nondiscrimination rules of guideline 12[.0].  And why is
such repression of truthful reporting accepted without public outcry?

Because of the The Racism Exception to Civilized and Honest Behavior. The racism taboo is so
strong that the rules of our civilized scientific democratic society are
suspended and voided.8

Note: Different treatment for different races is normally called “racism”.
But, in a purposefully confusing definition, discrimination against whites
(“anti-white racism”),is NOT considered racism.  German Press Code 12.1
clearly allows to selectively stir up prejudice against Whites. It is perfectly
legitimate to  emphasize that a criminal is white, but not permissible to
emphasize that a criminal is Black, Arab, or Muslim.

For a list of all international ethics code consult Ethical Journalism Network

Part #1 of this post is here Media Speech Codes #1: USA, Canada, Germany.

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